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trabajemos por una mejor matríz energética en chile

martes, 30 de septiembre de 2008

desalinizacion : El sol y los subsidios dan energía a España

DESALINIZACION + ENERGIA SOLAR = AGUA

 

El sol y los subsidios dan energía a España

LONDRES

Cuando el sol se eleva sobre Sevilla, su luz cegadora se refleja en un campo de 624 espejos rodeado de girasoles.

Los espejos en movimiento reflejan los rayos solares sobre una torre blanca de 115 metros de altura que usa el calor concentrado para hervir agua y generar así el vapor que mueve una turbina eléctrica 97 veces por segundo. Es la primera planta comercial de electricidad termosolar de Europa y representa la vanguardia de un creciente movimiento a favor de la energía verde.

''¡Mira, mira!'', exclama el director de la planta, Valerio Fernández, mientras observa una pantalla de ordenador que muestra que la producción está rozando el máximo. En los días claros y calurosos, la planta, valorada en 37 millones de euros ($55 millones), puede generar 11 megavatios, suficiente electricidad para 5,500 viviendas. La planta no logra alcanzar su objetivo a mediodía de este día de junio, lo que significa que un puñado de viviendas tendrán que utilizar electricidad de combustibles fósiles. ''Uf, no lo alcanzamos'', dijo Fernández, de 39 años. ``Casi''.

''Cerca, pero no lo bastante'' es una frase que podría aplicarse a la energía solar en general. El aumento de los precios del petróleo y el gas, la incertidumbre sobre la seguridad de los suministros extranjeros, y el sistema de subsidios en España y Alemania están haciendo la energía solar más competitiva de lo que jamás ha sido.

Esas condiciones han estimulado a empresas europeas como Abengoa, radicada en Sevilla, que construyó la planta en donde trabaja Fernández, a entrar en la carrera por explotar los rayos solares con fines energéticos. La energía solar, adecuadamente explotada, podría resolver los problemas energéticos del mundo.

''En seis horas, el consumo anual de energía de la humanidad es devuelto como energía solar a los desiertos'', dice el físico alemán de partículas Gerhard Knies. Ha ideado un plan audaz para erigir plantas de espejos en el desierto del Sáhara y conectar, a través del mar Mediterráneo, los países del norte de Africa a las grandes redes de Europa. ''Es un proyecto maravilloso'', dice Jeffrey Sachs, director del Instituto de la Tierra, en la Universidad de Columbia, de Nueva York. ''Aún no están al nivel de la tecnología comercial'', dice, ''pero confío en que llegarán''. Sachs dice que la financiación pública será una de las claves del éxito.

El año pasado la Unión Europea estableció el objetivo de generar para el año 2020 el 20 por ciento de su energía de fuentes renovables, por encima del 9.2 por ciento en el 2006.

La invasión rusa de Georgia, en agosto, también demostró el riesgo de confiar demasiado de un proveedor extranjero de combustible. Rusia suministra más del 40 por ciento de las importaciones europeas de gas y un tercio del petróleo importado, según la Comisión Europea, el brazo ejecutivo de la UE.

''Con la intervención de Rusia en Georgia, es crucial que Europa diversifique las fuentes tecnológicas y geográficas de su energía'', dice Michael Ware, director gerente en Good Energies Inc., firma que gestiona 4,000 millones de euros de inversiones en energía renovable para la multimillonaria familia holandesa Brenninkmeijer.

Knies, un dinámico septuagenario que anteriormente fue investigador en el centro de física de partículas Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, en Hamburgo, organizó una conferencia en abril a la que asistieron 160 personas, incluso inversores, representantes de empresas como Abengoa, y políticos.

Knies, de 71 años, hijo de un pastor protestante, les dijo que la energía solar es gratis, limpia y casi inagotable. La luz solar puede recogerse en los desiertos y utilizarse para alimentar plantas desalinizadoras que pueden llevar agua potable y riego a las tierras yermas.

''Si gestionamos la explotación de la energía solar del desierto, entonces podremos tener la tecnología para resolver nuestros problemas'', dice Knies. Poniendo espejos en solo el 0.2% de la superficie del Sáhara --en un área de 80 millas por 80 millas-- se podría generar toda la electricidad de la UE, dice.

Francia, que generó el año pasado el 77% de su electricidad con plantas nucleares, quiere crear un Plan Solar Mediterráneo como parte de una nueva unión de Estados europeos y mediterráneos que Sarkozy fundó a principios de año. El objetivo de la unión es impulsar el comercio, la seguridad y el empleo en Africa del Norte, una gran fuente de inmigración ilegal hacia Europa. La perspectiva de Knies podría ser demasiado optimista. La energía solar tiene que competir con otras fuentes de energía, desde la eólica a la nuclear.


CONSULTEN, OPINEN , ESCRIBAN LIBREMENTE
Saludos
Rodrigo González Fernández
Diplomado en RSE de la ONU
www.consultajuridicachile.blogspot.com
www.el-observatorio-politico.blogspot.com
www.lobbyingchile.blogspot.com
www.biocombustibles.blogspot.com
www.calentamientoglobalchile.blogspot.com
oficina: Renato Sánchez 3586 of. 10
Teléfono: OF .02-  8854223- CEL: 76850061
e-mail: rogofe47@mi.cl
Santiago- Chile
Soliciten nuestros cursos de capacitación  y consultoría en LIDERAZGO -  RESPONSABILIDAD SOCIAL EMPRESARIAL – LOBBY – BIOCOMBUSTIBLES  ,   y asesorías a nivel internacional y están disponibles  para OTEC Y OTIC en Chile

Understanding the business opportunities in the voluntary carbon markets


Voluntary Carbon Markets - London
Understanding the business opportunities in the voluntary carbon markets
London, UK, 14-15 October 2008

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Upcoming events:

Carbon Markets Africa
Announcing the 2nd Annual Networking Event - CDM business opportunities in Africa
Table Bay Hotel, Cape Town, South Africa, 17 - 19 November 2008
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Sustainable Manufacturing Summit Europe
Towards Sustainable Consumption and Production in European Manufacturing
Brussels, Belgium, 19-20 November 2008
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Dear colleague,

According to New Carbon Finance's recently launched Voluntary Carbon Index, 'the price of voluntary carbon credits (Verified Emission Reductions) has continued its upward trend with VER transactions in July-August 2008 averaging $6.3/tCO2e, up by 26% on 2007 prices and 60% on 2006 prices' – source www.newcarbonfinance.com

In 2 weeks time, 30 leading speakers are set to convene in London for the 2nd annual Voluntary Carbon Markets on 14 & 15 October. Through a series of expert panels, the event offers the most practical, in-depth information on the latest developments in the voluntary offset markets, standardization and project development.

In the run up to the event, Shelagh Whitley, voluntary asset portfolio manager at Camco Global talks to Green Power about the developments in voluntary carbon standardization and outlines the importance of businesses recognizing the benefits of mitigating and offsetting GHG emissions. Click here to read the interview.

Learn about what businesses and consumers really want from the offsets they buy, and how you can best communicate your carbon neutral activities to reach your target audience who is driving the market forward.

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DEFRA
The Gold Standard
European Climate Exchange
The CarbonNeutral Company
New Carbon Finance
Camco
EcoSecurities
First Climate
The Climate Group
APX
TUV-SUED
WWF
The Co-operative Group
BP Alternative Energy
Nuon
Nordjysk Elhandel
Gujarat Fluorochemicals
Essent Trading
Generation Investment Management
Spring Research
Business Respect
Futerra
The Carbon Trust Standard
Sustainable Travel International
Sandbag
Climate Focus
Ecosystem Marketplace
KPMG
Evolution Markets
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Forum for the Future
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Measuring your carbon footprint: calculating emissions from business operations

Take advantage of this invaluable learning opportunity, hosted by First Climate. Learn from the experts how to correctly evaluate your carbon footprint and avoid the common mistakes and pitfalls of this process. Due to the intimate nature of the workshop, places are limited and are allocated strictly on a 'first come, first served basis'.

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With a proven track record of delivering high calibre project developers, Voluntary Carbon Markets provides the perfect environment for you to do business with key players in the industry.

First class business opportunities
Our sponsorship and exhibition packages are designed to help you meet your business objectives. If you are looking to win prospective clients, strengthen existing relationships or enhance your company profile, we will help you do so in a cost effective manner.

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CMIA
The Carbon Markets and Investors Association (CMIA), formed in August 2008 by the merger of The Carbon Markets Association (CMA) and INCIS, is an international trade association representing service providers to the global carbon market. The CMIA was formed to represent businesses at the cutting edge of the services sector working to reduce carbon emissions through the market mechanisms of the UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol.

ICROA
The International Carbon Reduction and Offset Alliance (ICROA) is a not for profit alliance of leading carbon reduction and offset providers. It provides leadership and a unified voice advocating for rigorous industry standards. ICROA members adhere to the ICROA Code of Best Practice. This requires ICROA members to measure footprints according to accepted international standards and to implement a responsible "reduce and offset" approach to internal and external greenhouse gas reductions. ICROA members support the use of credible offsets verified under leading compliance and voluntary standards; CDM/JI, Voluntary Carbon Standard and Gold Standard. ICROA members submit annual reports to demonstrate compliance with the ICROA Code of Best Practice. ICROA also plays an active role in engaging with Governments and NGOS on voluntary carbon market issues.
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Forthcoming Events:

October 08
Next Generation Biofuels Markets, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 6-7 October 2008
Voluntary Carbon Markets, London, UK, 14-15 October 2008
Carbon Capture & Storage, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, 28-29 October 2008

November 08
Sustainable Manufacturing Summit Europe, Brussels, Belgium, 19-20 November 2008
Carbon Markets Africa, Cape Town, South Africa, 17-19 November 2008
Biofuels Markets Africa, Cape Town, South Africa, 20-21 November 2008
Biodiversity & Ecosystem Finance Europe, London, UK, 25-26 November 2008

December 08
Corporate Water Footprint, San Francisco, USA, 2-3 December 2008
Solar Innovation & Investment, New York, USA, 2-3 December 2008


CONSULTEN, OPINEN , ESCRIBAN LIBREMENTE
Saludos
Rodrigo González Fernández
Diplomado en RSE de la ONU
www.consultajuridicachile.blogspot.com
www.el-observatorio-politico.blogspot.com
www.lobbyingchile.blogspot.com
www.biocombustibles.blogspot.com
www.calentamientoglobalchile.blogspot.com
oficina: Renato Sánchez 3586 of. 10
Teléfono: OF .02-  8854223- CEL: 76850061
e-mail: rogofe47@mi.cl
Santiago- Chile
Soliciten nuestros cursos de capacitación  y consultoría en LIDERAZGO -  RESPONSABILIDAD SOCIAL EMPRESARIAL – LOBBY – BIOCOMBUSTIBLES  ,   y asesorías a nivel internacional y están disponibles  para OTEC Y OTIC en Chile